Publish a Service through Palo Alto Firewall

In this KB, we will publish a service on Paloalto firewall on the cloud.

First, let’s prepare the environment.

1- Create required networks and subnets:

For our example with Palo Alto firewall, we need one network for management access, a network for internal, and another one for external.

There are two ways to create resources in Openstack, a graphical user interface by using the Horizon dashboard, and the other way is by using CLI access.

To get API access, please follow the KB

a- Creating Needed Networks:

Create the network using command:

openstack network create <NET_NAME>

b- Creating Corresponding Subnets:

Create a relative subnet using command:

openstack subnet create <SUBNET_NAME> --network <NET_NAME>   --subnet-range <X.X.X.X/X>

Using the graphical user interface to create the needed networks and subnets. Go to Network => Networking => Click on Create Network


Give a network name


Give the subnet name and network address


Then click create.

Repeat the above for any needed networks and subnets.

2- Creating Openstack Router:

Create a virtual router:

openstack router create <ROUTER_NAME>

Add router to needed subnet:

openstack router add  subnet <ROUTER_NAME_OR_ID> <SUBNET_NAME_OR_ID>

Link the router to the external provider network:

openstack router set <ROUTER_NAME> --external-gateway <EXTERNAL_NETWORK_ID>

Note that, external network ID for RUH2 is c975f064-d2b8-413c-9493-981f68bf887a, and for JED1 is 80e37cda-1762-4d98-8e55-df3e33710295

You can also use the Horizon dashboard to create the needed router.

Go to Network => Routers => Click on Create Router


Give the Router name and click Create.

Now, after creating the router, you will need to set the router as an external one, to do that just click Set Gateway, then select the External Network


Again click Set Gateway

The next step is to add an interface to the created router from any needed subnet. Click on the router name. Click on Add Interface Select the Subnet, and optionally you can select the IP Address. file

Then click Add Interface

Repeat adding interfaces as much as needed (You will need to add an interface for the external subnet as well)

3- Creating Security Groups:

The next step is to create a security group. You can create a security group from GUI or from CLI.

a- From CLI:

openstack security group create <SEC_GROUP_NAME> --description "Security Group for Paloalto Firewall"

Add needed rules:

openstack security group rule create <SEC_GROUP_NAME> \
    --protocol tcp --dst-port 443:443 --remote-ip

b- From GUI:

Got to Network => Security Groups => Click Create Security Group file Give the security group name and click Create Security Group

Click Manage Rules file

Click Add Rule file

Add select HTTPS


Add any additional needed rules

4- Creating Paloalto Instance:

Now, we will create the Paloalto FW instance.

a- From CLI:

Use the following command to create the instance:

openstack server create \
    --flavor <FLAVOR_NAME> --image <IMAGE_ID> --availability-zone <ZONE_NAME> --security-group default --security-group <SEC_GROUP_NAME> \
    --network <MANAGEMENT_NET_ID> --network <NET1_ID> --network <NET2_ID> --network <NET3_ID> --network <NET4_ID> \
    --boot-from-volume <VOLUME_SIZE> --max 1 \
    --wait <FW_NAME>

In this demo we simplify the code and used --network flag, for more advanced use cases, refer to the ‘–nic’ parameter. Palo Alto required more than 300G for the volume size.

In case of FW high available mode, please use a different zone for the other node.

b- Create the FW instance from GUI:

Please follow this KB

Then assign the a floating IPs to the instance by using the following KB

In case you will add a FIP for the management interface, you will need to add another FIP for the dataplane external interface.

Based on your choice, you can use the same external FIP for multiple services or one for each service. To use different FIPs on the same interface in HA mode, please use this KB

Second, Configure Paloalto Firewall

Now you have a running Paloalto FW, to access the FW use the URL https://MANAGEMENT_IP


Click Advanced then Accept the Risk and Continue


Enter the default credentials. file

Configure the Network settings:

a- Create and configure a new virtual router:

Go to Network => Virtual Router => Add file file Add static route through the external interface file file

b- Create required Zones:

Go to Network => Zones => Add file



c- Configure Network Interfaces:

Go to Network => Interfaces file file file file

Repeat for all interfaces

Click Commit

file file

d- Add needed Objects:

For each service, you will need two objects, first is the external VIP corresponding to the FIP, and the other is the internal IP of the server that is running the service.

Add internal server

Go to Objects => Addresses => click Add file file

Add external VIP that is assigned to the Floating IP


e- Add Nat Policy:

Go to Policies => NAT => Click Add. Give the policy the Name. We will do a source NAT and make sure to enable Bi-directional as follow: file file

The translated address will be the VIP that is assigned with the FIP file

f- Create needed Security Polices:

In this case our service is HTTP service, So first we must allow HTTP port on the Openstack security group. file Then Create the needed FW Security Policies. file file file file file

Finally, Click Commit

Now your service is published and accessible from outside.


To publish more than one service, you will need to assign more than one FIP (If needed) to the external interface, and use the associate VIP during the configuration of Paloalto Firewall.